Pre-Teens Need Just Two Doses of HPV Vaccine, Not Three: Feds

There’s good news for kids who haven’t received all their HPV vaccines yet – they only need two doses of the vaccine instead of three, federal government advisers said Wednesday.

The new recommendations should make it easier to get more children vaccinated against the human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes a range of cancers including cervical cancer, throat cancer and mouth cancer, officials said.

HPV Vaccinations
University of Miami pediatrician Judith L. Schaechter, M.D. (L) gives an HPV vaccination to a 13-year-old girl in her office at the Miller School of Medicine on Sept. 21, 2011 in Miami, Fla. Joe Raedle / Getty Images file

“It’s not often you get a recommendation simplifying vaccine schedules,” said Dr. Nancy Messonnier, Director of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The CDC immediately accepted the recommendations from its Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.

“Safe, effective, and long-lasting protection against HPV cancers with two visits instead of three means more Americans will be protected from cancer,” said CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden. “This recommendation will make it simpler for parents to get their children protected in time.”

Related: HPV Cancers Epidemic in Men, CDC Finds

The CDC says every pre-teen boy and girl should get the vaccine, but fewer than a third have received all three doses.

Messonnier says the three-dose schedule was based on the earliest studies of the vaccine. New studies show that two doses protect people for decades from the cancer-causing virus.

And studies also suggest that spacing the two doses a year apart is at least as effective, if not more effective than giving them more closely together – something that could also make it easier to get kids fully vaccinated.

Older teens who have not been vaccinated at all before age 15 should still get three doses, because there’s not enough evidence to show whether two doses fully protect them, ACIP said.

Related: HPV Infects Two-Thirds of Americans

Adults can also get the HPV vaccine. “Young women can get HPV vaccine through age 26, and young men can get vaccinated through age 21,” the CDC says.

“The vaccine is also recommended for any man who has sex with men through age 26, and for men with compromised immune systems (including HIV) through age 26, if they did not get HPV vaccine when they were younger.”

HPV is extremely common, but rates of HPV-related disease have fallen among vaccinated people.

Related: HPV Raises Head Cancer Risk Seven-Fold

“About 14 million people, including teens, become infected with HPV each year. HPV infection can cause cervical,vaginal, and vulvar cancers in women; penile cancer in men; and anal cancer, cancer of the back of the throat (oropharynx), and genital warts in both men and women,” the CDC says.

The original two vaccines on the market protected against either two or four of the strains of HPV known to cause cancer. Now the only vaccine available in the U.S. is Merck’s Gardasil 9, which protect against 9 strains of HPV.

Messonnier says it’s too soon to say whether teens vaccinated with the older vaccines should get a top-up dose with the new formulation.

[Source:-NBC news]

Administration Expects 13.8 Million Obamacare Signups Next Year

Facing new challenges to a legacy law, the Obama administration on Wednesday set modest expectations for the president’s final health care sign-up season. The biggest worries: rising premiums and dwindling choices.

Some 13.8 million people are expected to sign up for 2017 coverage, Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Burwell said. That would be an increase of a bit less than 9 percent from the 12.7 million who picked plans during open enrollment for this year.

Image: A man looks over the Affordable Care Act signup page on the website in New York in this photo illustration
A man looks over the Affordable Care Act (commonly known as Obamacare) signup page on the website in New York MIKE SEGAR / Reuters

This year is shaping up to be the most difficult sign-up season since launched in 2013 and the computer system froze up. But technology isn’t the issue this time. Premiums are going up by double digits in many communities, and some major insurers have left the program, leaving consumers with fewer choices next year.

The administration says taxpayer-provided subsidies designed to rise alongside premiums will cushion most of the pocketbook impact. About 85 percent of customers get financial help. And for those policyholders whose insurer bailed out, the government is automatically matching them to another carrier’s plan. It’s up to the consumer whether or not to accept the match or keep shopping.

Officials say returning customers will notice a smoother, more informative website, making it easier to compare plans. Those who are satisfied with their current plans don’t need to do anything; they’ll be automatically renewed.

Finally, the administration is ramping up outreach, with a particular goal of enticing younger, healthier people to enroll. Expect pitches on social media platforms, email and television and radio as well as direct mail.

And the IRS will play a supporting role with a not-too-subtle nudge. Later this fall, the tax agency will send letters to people who did not get the minimum coverage required by the health care law. They’ll be reminded that going without insurance risks a fine from the IRS, and the basic penalty is now $695.

Some independent analysts say even a 9 percent sign-up increase will be a heavy lift.

Burwell asserted that the health care law’s insurance markets are strong and offer a product that people want and need. But she also acknowledged “that doesn’t mean the road has been perfectly smooth,” and the markets face “a transition period.”

Related: Aetna Pulls Back From Obamacare Health Plan

Burwell criticized Republicans for their unyielding opposition, saying “at nearly every turn, we’ve had to overcome partisan attempts to repeal and undermine the law through legislation and litigation.” She called on Congress to cooperate on proposed fixes, such as a government-sponsored “public option” to promote competition.

Going into its fourth sign-up season, President Barack Obama’s health care law has yet to achieve stability. Enrollment has been lower than initially projected; insurers say patients turned out to be sicker than expected, and a complex internal system to help stabilize premiums did not work as intended, partly because of actions by congressional Republicans.

The law makes carrying health insurance a legal obligation for most people, and prohibits insurers for turning away the sick. It offers subsidized private plans to people who don’t have coverage through their jobs, along with a state option to expand Medicaid for low-income people. Largely as a result, the nation’s uninsured rate has dropped below 9 percent, a historically low level. More than 21 million people have gained coverage since the law passed in 2010.

The 13.8 million enrollment goal announced Wednesday actually represents an annual high-water mark. The initial sign-up number typically gets winnowed down by dropouts and people who find other coverage. For example, the initial number reached 12.7 million this year. But HHS said Wednesday that enrollment averaged 10.4 million people through the end of June, which works out to attrition of about 18 percent.

The administration is hoping for a strong sign-up season to validate the president’s signature program, and for a victory by Democrat Hillary Clinton in the presidential election to shut down the Republican campaign for its repeal. Clinton has outlined steps she’d take to build enrollment and sweeten subsidies for consumers.

Sign-up season doesn’t start until Nov. 1, but previously window shopping has been available about a week earlier on, now used by 39 states. That should be the case again.

Depending on availability, consumers will have a new option of picking “Simple Choice” plans. These are plans that have fixed deductibles and standard copayments, making it easier to compare premiums and provider networks.

Open enrollment ends Jan. 31. Consumers who want their coverage to take effect with the new year must act by Dec. 15.

HHS this year changed the way it presents its enrollment goal. Previously, Burwell had focused on the number of customers expected to still be covered at the end of a given year. But the new target reflects initial sign-ups, before attrition.

Officials told reporters they did not move the goal posts. “We are using what we believe is a more meaningful metric,” said Kathryn Martin, HHS acting assistant secretary for planning and evaluation.

[Source:-NBC news]

Digital Devices OK Even for Toddlers, Doctors Say

Digital devices are not inherently harmful to children and can often be used for good, pediatricians said Friday in a change from earlier guidance.

Updated advice to parents suggests that toddlers as young as 18 months old can handle the occasional session with a tablet computer, but an hour a day is plenty for kids under 5.

And parents shouldn’t feel guilty about letting their kids use smartphones or tablets, the American Academy of Pediatrics says in new guidelines. The trick is to use them wisely and to use them not only as educational tools, but in ways that bring the family together.

Image: A child looks at a mobile phone
A child looks at a mobile phone Donal Husni / NurPhoto via Getty Images

It’s a change from earlier guidelines that said kids shouldn’t have any screen time before age 2 — meaning no computers, smart phones, television or video.

“We’ve changed our age guidelines a little bit,” said Dr. Jenny Radesky, who wrote the new guidelines for the Academy. She said the new guidelines were tweaked based on the latest studies.

“The literature now shows that around as young as around 18 months, toddlers, can start learning very basic concepts from media if they using it together with an adult,” Radesky, an expert in child development at Boston Medical Center, told NBC News.

“And the adult then uses media as a teaching tool to then help that child apply that knowledge to the rest of the world around them,” she added. “We are saying if you want to start introducing media as young as 18 months, that’s fine, but use it together with your child and choose really good media.”

Related: How About a ‘Digital Allowance’ for Kids?

And the phrase “screen time” doesn’t really apply, either, she said. Plus, if it’s being used to communicate directly, that’s different. “We’re saying explicitly infants, toddlers, any age — totally fine to Skype or video chat,” Radesky said.

And the academy has begun naming content providers that are good for kids.

“So we’re saying, go to Sesame Workshop, go to PBS Kids, go to Common Sense Media,” she said. “We trust those products because they were developed with the input of psychologists and child development experts.”

Common sense still should play a role, Radesky says.

“We’re asking parents to unplug during family routines,” she said. “It might be mealtimes, it might be bedtimes, it might be whatever works best for your family. But we would really like parents to be conscious of putting away distractions and being able to build one to one play and connections with their kids because that is hugely important for child development.”

Related: Do Educational Apps Keep Kids Sharp?

And the academy reminds parents that too much use of TV, video and computers for entertainment can mean kids exercise less, eat more and gain too much weight.

“We’re recommending that children under six keep it to about an hour of entertainment screen time per day because they need so much other time in their day to sleep and play and get outdoors and have conversations and just figure stuff out on their own,” she said.

And, of course, kids need to unplug at least an hour before bedtime so they can sleep, and parents need to ensure that digital devices do not interfere with homework.

“Apps and websites get a lot of their money from advertising. They really want to build engagement with their user and make it prolonged, make it something that’s habit-forming,” Radesky noted. “So I think it’s not surprising that some teenagers and parents say they feel addicted.”

But parents shouldn’t feel guilty about following rules or being perfect, she said.

“If you’re saying, ‘Hey this is something we do together. We do it for fun, we do it to laugh together, we do it to create something together, we do it to connect our families across country,’ then you’re creating a meaning around your house,” Radesky said.

“It’s a way to integrate (digital media) into our lives in a healthy way, instead of always looking at it as a risk factor,” she said.

[Source:-NBC NEWS]

Therapists for the mind

Working closely with children to promote their psychological health. Photo: E. Lakshmi Narayanan

Mental health has assumed increasing importance in our society which is plagued by various vectors of stress, marginalised family structures and increased vulnerability to challenges in interpersonal relationships on account of diminishing social support structures. As a corollary, psychology is finding greater recognition and acceptance as an important discipline of both study and practice. Psychology finds its relevance in many spheres today.

From being cast under the shadow of redundant conceptualisations involving treatment of only severely mentally disabled individuals, it is now seen to have more of a strength-based connotation which enables psychologists to function within the domains of preventive mental health and not just tertiary care. The focus on this aspect has enabled psychology to find its position in various allied fields which go far beyond treatment in clinics and hospitals alone.

Areas of application
Some of the prominent areas in which psychology is increasingly finding its application include the following:

Clinical psychology: Involves working with individuals diagnosed with a mental health-related problem such as depression, anxiety and eating disorder, to name a few. Clinical psychologists frequently specialise in working with specific populations such as children and adolescents, family and marriage-related therapy or through specialised mediums such as art or dance and movement as well.

Health psychology: Medical conditions, too, involve a significant associated psychological component which is addressed through the medium of health psychology.

School psychology: Young children and adolescents are exposed to a plethora of experiences. Individuals specialising in this aspect work closely in working with individual students as well as designing systems within schools that promote psychological health and well-being.

Organisational psychology: The corporate systems have increasing levels of stress, and work-life balance is crucial. Going beyond these aspects, there is a need to focus on turnover, attrition, employee motivation and interpersonal relations at work.

Sport psychology: Having the right motivation and resilience are key to success in the arena of sports. Mental health professionals consistently work with sport persons to help them understand their performance on the field and devise ways of optimising their performances whether as an individual or while working with a team.

Forensic psychology: Criminal and forensic psychology are newer areas in which psychology is finding its applications through the utilisation of understanding of behavioural principles and personality dynamics.

Environmental psychology: This area of psychology looks at human beings in interaction with their environment. It focuses on aspects such as temperature, noise, crowding, to name a few, that impact human beings and their health and well-being.

Policy and advocacy relating to mental health: There is a lot which needs to be done with regard to mental health at the level of systems and policies. There is enormous scope for individuals who choose to work in this area.

Academics in psychology: Education institutes have been focusing on providing more courses pertaining to psychology and mental health. This has created greater avenues for teaching and academics relating to psychology.

Research in psychology: Psychology is still a developing field and there is significant research which continues to happen with respect to its various fields, whether in relation to social phenomena, clinical problems, within organisations or interpersonal relationships.

Recent times have seen a significant shift in a favourable direction for mental health. There is no denying the importance of psychological health and well-being for individuals, and with the growing changes in society, including the changes in lifestyle, socialisation patterns, levels of stress and burnout, the shrinking of the world on account of tremendous technological development, the relevance and importance of these aspects will only increase. In this changing scenario of the society and the world we live in, psychology as a career has a very promising future.

Over time, we expect to see greater adaptations of principles of psychological science in more domains that would help increase the scope of its applicability beyond our current imagination and vision.

Towards this end, it is essential that psychology finds expression in diverse mediums. It needs to be talked about and propagated.

[Source:-The Hindu]

Bridge the skills gap

A paradigm shift in approach to employment, from being qualification-based to skill-based is necessary. Photo: Ritu Raj Konwar

The resume reflected a master’s degree, but the professional status still read the same — educated but unemployed. This is a story common to a number of students in the country. With an overarching bent towards theoretical education with little or no exposure to practical know-how, this scenario has long been in the making.

With 15 million youngsters entering the workforce each year, more than 75 per cent are not job-ready. India will need 700 million skilled workers by 2022 to meet the demands of a growing economy. This glaring imbalance, due to lack of technical and soft skills, points towards the urgent and growing need to make young Indians job-ready, focusing on young graduates to augment their employability.

The young nation that we are with 62 per cent of our population in the working age group and more than 54 per cent of the total population below 25 years , there is a need to make drastic amends to solve the great Indian talent conundrum. To make the most of this demographic dividend that we, as a country possess, the maiden step towards this is to celebrate skills and accept their need and importance with an open mind, just like China.

For instance, the country currently faces a huge shortage of sales associates, computer operators, beauticians, hair stylists, medical sales representatives, mobile repair engineers, plumbers, electricians, sewing machine operators, masons, bartenders, painter-decorators. Yet, the scant regard we have for vocational training and skill development has led to decades of neglect of these skills.

Once this due regard to skills is given, there is a need to support the tech growth with investment in skills and knowledge to prepare for the future. Revamping the education system can help bridge the talent gap staring at us, especially at the college level, as it forms the first step into the professional world. Colleges need to collaborate with industries to chalk out a curriculum that entails and integrates technological education and advancements.

Technical education plays a vital role in the development of the country’s human resource by creating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the quality of life. This will help increase the availability of better talent in the job market to be absorbed, as, in the current scenario, of the seven lakh engineering students that graduate annually, merely seven per cent are fit for core engineering jobs. What would also help is providing training in not just technical skills but also soft skills or communication skills, preparing them to transform into workers from students.

Most institutions do not prepare candidates for the new working world, making them struggle while facing the competencies of the professional realm. There is a pertinent need to equipgraduates with interpersonal communication, basic computer knowledge, the ability to speak English and work as a team.Recognising the need, efforts are being made with positive steps such as National Vocational Qualifications Framework (NVEQF) and National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). This will also lead to a paradigm shift in employment from being ‘qualification-based’ to ’skill-based’, making educational institutions focus on imparting skills that lead to employability, rather than merely doling out certificates and degrees. Integrating skills with regular main stream education in schools, will truly change the employment landscape at the most fundamental level in the country

A reinvention will need a vast paradigm shift to develop the tools of change needed to survive in the algorithm age. The demographic dividend if not given the treatment of skills may simply turn into a demographic disaster. The imbalance between the too few skilled workers and fewer jobs for the medium and low-skilled workforce is pointing towards impending disaster.

[Source:-The Hindu]

My sales pitch

Rohan Shukla

“Congratulations Rohan Shukla! You have been selected for Summer Internship with Wipro Consumer Care & Lighting (WCCLG),” read the email in my inbox and I jumped with joy.

I had always dreamt of a career in sales. This summer internship was the first step towards achieving my dream!

I was hired as a sales intern by WCCLG, Bengaluru, after my first year of MBA studies. My project was aimed at increasing the distribution for all the brands of the company in the specified territory of Bengaluru, under a single distributor. On an average, I was expected to visit about 40 existing outlets per day as well as explore new outlets in the area that could be added. The work was exciting but my primary interest was in competitor analysis. I wanted to find out how well the competition was doing in the same territory, what sales strategies they were using, and prepare a gap analysis for my company.

This required me to spend extra time outside the ten hours I was already spending everyday covering the outlets. I also had to devise innovative ways to find the required information about the competitors (such as speaking with salesmen of other companies over a cup of tea). I really enjoyed the whole experience.

Soon, a mail arrived from the HR confirming the date for the final presentation to the management. And there I was, standing in front of Wipro’s vice-president, sales and head, sales development. As the constant question-answer-discussion went on, adrenaline surged through my veins every second of the 30-minute presentation. Although they did not express that explicitly, they seemed happy with the competitor analysis.

My friends and seniors had warned me before my internship saying, “This is not everyone’s cup of tea. Most of your college mates would be interning in a comfortable air conditioned office and you would be rubbing shoulders with the salesmen in the summer heat. You would start hating your life. Are you sure you want a career in sales?” I just smiled at them and said “Probably more than anything else.”

I’m glad that I’m still smiling because I know my answer to their question still remains the same. Sales, my love, thou shall not be betrayed!

[Source:-The Hindu]

Security breach: Banks block over 32 lakh debit cards; Finance Ministry seeks report

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Commercial banks have blocked or recalled 32 lakh debit cards of customers as a “precautionary” measure after being informed of potential risks to those cards following a major security breach at a payment services provider that manages ATM network of a private sector bank.

The finance ministry has sought information about the implication of such security breach from Indian Banks Association.

The National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) said the complaints of fraudulent withdrawal were limited to cards of 19 banks and 641 customers. “The total amount involved is Rs 1.3 crore as reported by various affected banks to NPCI,” AP Hota, MD of NPCI said. State Bank of India has either blocked or is in the process of replacing around 6 lakh debit cards following a malware related to security breach in a private bank’s ATM network. Bank of Baroda, IDBI Bank, Central Bank and Andhra Bank have already replaced their debit cards. ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and Yes Bank have asked customers to change their ATM pin numbers.

According to bankers, the security breach happened through a malware allegedly in the systems of Hitachi Payments Services, which serves a private bank. However, Loney Antony, managing director, Hitachi Payment Services, said, “We had appointed an external audit agency certified by PCI in the 1st week of September, to check the security of our systems. The interim report published by the audit agency in September, does not suggest any breach/ compromise in our systems. The final report is expected by mid-November.”

“Necessary corrective actions have already been taken and hence there is no reason for bank customers to panic. Advisory issued by NPCI to banks for re-cardification is more as a preventive exercise,” Hota said. There are a total of 712.39 million debit cards all over India as on August 31, 2016, according to RBI data. Hota said the genesis of problem could be traced to complaints from some banks that their customer’s cards were used fraudulently mainly in China and the US while customers were in India. “Apprehending that this could be a case of card data compromise, all the ATMs and PoS terminals in India and three card networks — RuPay, Visa and MasterCard — worked in a collaborative manner in the month of September 2016. It was established through an analysis that there was a possible compromise at one of the payment switch provider’s system. Based on the analysis, NPCI and other schemes identified the period of compromise and the possible card numbers which could have been compromised during that period,” NPCI said.

“All affected banks have been alerted by all card networks that a total card base of about 3.2 million could have been possibly compromised. Out of this 0.6 million are RuPay cards,” Hota said. Based on the advisory issued by NPCI and other schemes, banks have advised their customers to change their debit card PIN.

According to bankers, 90 ATMs were compromised through malware and these ATMs were transmitting debit card data of customers to fraudsters. The data breach took place between May and July, but was discovered only in September and banks decided to proactively change the cards.

According to an ICICI Bank spokesperson, the possible breach of information of debit cards has taken place in the ATM network of another bank. “As a precautionary measure, the PINs of debit cards used at the ATMs of that bank have been changed … we are using our real-time fraud monitoring systems … .”

Yes Bank said it has undertaken a comprehensive review of its ATMs, and there is no evidence of a breach or compromise on its ATMs. “Yes Bank continues to work with relevant stakeholders to ensure utmost safety and security of its ATM network and payment services which are completely safe to use,” Yes Bank MD and CEO Rana Kapoor said.

Mastercard, a payment intermediary, said it was aware of “the data compromise event”. “To be clear, Mastercard’s own systems have not been breached … we are working on the investigations with the regulators, issuers, acquirers, global and local law enforcement agencies and third party payment networks to assess the current situation,” it said.

“NPCI, Mastercard and Visa had informed banks about a potential risk to some cards in India owing to a data breach … SBI has taken precautionary measures and have blocked cards of certain customers identified by the networks,” SBI said. Visa said that “It has been informed that some payment cards in India may have been compromised due to suspected breach of payment systems at a service provider …” Visa does not currently process domestic debit ATM transactions in India.

[Source:-The Indian Express]

Rupee extend losses, down 13 paise against dollar

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The rupee fell further by 13 paise to 66.94 against the dollar in early trade today at the Interbank Foreign Exchange market on increased demand for the American currency from importers.

Moreover, the US dollar’s gains against some currencies overseas and a lower opening in the domestic equity market put the rupee on the back foot, forex dealers said.

The rupee had ended lower by 13 paise at 66.81 in yesterday’s trade on fresh bouts of dollar demand from banks and importers.The benchmark BSE Sensex fell by 94.24 points, or 0.34 per cent, to 28,035.60 in early trade today.

[Source:-The Indian Express]

Indian shares end lower but post biggest weekly gain in 7 weeks

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Indian shares ended lower on Friday, as investor risk appetite took a hit after a stronger dollar weighed on crude oil prices overnight and in Asian trading earlier in the day, with energy stocks dragging down both the indexes.

The broader NSE index ended 0.07 percent lower at 8,693.05, but rose 1.28 percent for the week.

The benchmark BSE index closed down 0.19 percent at 28,077.18, but ended up 1.46 percent for the week

Both the indexes posted their biggest weekly gain since the week ended Sept 2.

The S&P BSE Energy Index closed down 0.82 percent. Reliance Industries Ltd ended 2.15 percent lower.

[Source:-The Indian Express]

Foreign funded group wants to stop Adani project in Australia: Report

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Adani’s 21.7 billion dollar coal mine project in Australia was being targeted by a “foreign funded, highly orchestrated” group which influenced the traditional land owners and legal environmental challenges’ to stop it, a new set of emails released by WikiLeaks has said.

In a series of emails, it has been disclosed that the US-based Sandler Foundation funded Australia-based environmentalist group, the Sunrise Project, which offered “Wangan and Jagalingou people” financial support and scholarships if they opposed Adani’s mine project and also boasted of its attempts to hide its funding sources from Australian parliament, according to ‘The Australian’ newspaper today.

According to report, the previously secret briefings as part of Hillary Clinton’s campaign chairman John Podesta’s emails, said Sunrise tailored its advice to indigenous communities in northern Queensland, and that the “whole Galilee Basin fossil fuel industrial complex is in its death throes”.

It was also disclosed that an associated group, Human Rights Watch, offered to help Sunrise Project by keep its tax-exempt charity status because “the mining companies seem to own the Liberals (in Australia) and they play very dirty”.

Human Rights Watch chief executive Ken Roth further disclosed that his group received “charitable status by special parliamentary bill” in the “waning days of the Labor government”.

In an email to Sandler Foundation last August after a decision against the Adani mine, Sunrise Project director John Hepburn, who is said to be the author of the strategy to block the mine, thanked the Foundation for its support and wrote ‘without your support none of this would have happened”.

He wrote that he was going to buy a “few bottles of bubbly” for a celebration with “our colleagues at GetUp!!!!, Greenpeace,, Australian Youth Climate Coalition, Mackay Conservation Group, Market Forces and the brilliant and tireless Sunrise team”.

Hepburn’s email to the Foundation also mocked the coal industry for the claim “there is some kind of foreign-funded and tightly orchestrated conspiracy to systemically destroy the Australian coal industry”.

Reacting to the latest disclosure, Adani Australia chief executive Jeyakumar Janakaraj said the leaked emails were “evidence that these are broader well-funded activist campaigns as part of a wider anti-coal campaign that is being financially backed and influenced a long way from workers in Australia and those suffering energy poverty in India”.

“The leaks show, however, that the anti-coal campaign is not about the merits of the approval process at all; it’s about activists motivated to stop jobs and investment,”he said.

The latest disclosure came days after the Queensland development minister Anthony Lynham announced that the state government had invoked special powers to ensure the controversial Carmichael coal and rail project starts next year.

The project is now in its seventh year of the environmental approval process.

[Source:-The Indian Express]