A critical mass of Republicans are rejecting the Senate health care bill

Bill Clark / Getty Images

Senate Republican leaders want to vote on their bill to repeal and replace Obamacare in three days, but a critical mass of senators have already said they would block the bill as written — and more could soon join them.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell is pushing for a vote by the end of the week, and he can only lose two votes. But as it stood on Monday night, at least three Republican senators have said they would not support a procedural vote to start debate on the bill as currently written — enough to stop it if they hold firm.

Sens. Susan Collins of Maine, Dean Heller of Nevada, and Rand Paul of Kentucky — two moderates and a conservative — say right now that they would block debate from starting on the bill. That vote could happen as early as Tuesday afternoon.

Conservative opposition to the plan is hardening, because they don’t believe it does enough to repeal Obamacare. Meanwhile, several moderates have expressed doubt, which would also sink the plan, especially now that the Congressional Budget Office projected Monday that 22 million fewer Americans would have health insurance under the plan.

There are still about 35 Republican senators who will vote for the bill no matter what. But the others will be the difference between failure and passage.

“You’re not gonna get 49. You’re either gonna get 50 or probably 35,” Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) told reporters Monday, adding that the CBO estimates “are going to make it harder to get to 50, not easier.”

The Senate’s path to passing a health care bill is narrow

McConnell started with a narrow margin of error: 50 of the 52 Senate Republicans must support the bill, under the procedural shortcut Republicans are using to pass the plan with a bare majority of 50 and avoid a Democratic filibuster.

Conservatives have begun to revolt, and moderates are blanching at the plan’s projected coverage losses. The majority leader has some room to negotiate; he has about $200 billion to play with, according to the CBO. But any money he pumps into the bill to hold on to moderates could drive away conservatives. Likewise, moving the bill any further to the right — and potentially increasing that 22 million more uninsured estimate — could fortify moderate opposition.

About three dozen Republican senators would probably vote for any bill that McConnell put forward. They’re party people. But shoring up those last 15 or so votes is the trick.

Many congressional aides and lobbyists believe McConnell is pushing forward for a vote regardless of whether it would fail. He surely wants to pass a bill to repeal Obamacare, fulfilling a seven-year pledge that propelled him to power, but the effort has proved more difficult than Republicans expected.

Conservatives are hardening their opposition to the Senate bill

A quarter of conservative senators — Rand Paul, Mike Lee, Ted Cruz, and Ron Johnson — announced their opposition to the bill last week. They’re holding firm.

Paul told reporters Monday that he would vote to block even a procedural vote to start debate on the legislation. If two of his peers join him, they could stop McConnell from even starting the amendment process, undercutting the bill well before the final vote.

“Of the current bill, yes,” Paul said when asked by reporters if he’d oppose that procedural vote. “Absolutely.”

Cruz told reporters that “significant work remains to be done” and argued that the plan didn’t do enough to lower premiums. The CBO projected that premiums would eventually go down under the plan, but many Americans would have to pay higher out-of-pocket costs for their health care.

Johnson told me he wanted to repeal the entire law, returning the health insurance market to what it was like before Obamacare. The current Senate bill keeps much of Obamacare’s infrastructure on the private insurance side, though it gives states more leeway to roll its regulations back and scales back the financial aid available to low- and middle-income Americans. The bill also ends Obamacare’s Medicaid expansion and places a federal spending cap on the entire Medicaid program.

“I would recommend people go back to what were the conditions prior to Obamacare, embrace those conditions, embrace free markets,” Johnson said. “Get rid of the mandates that have artificially driven up the costs of insurance. We can do this … and solve the problem of preexisting conditions using high-risk models.”

But that is almost certainly a nonstarter for a dozen or more Senate Republicans. Obamacare’s protections for people with preexisting conditions, particularly the requirement that health plans cover every American no matter their health status, are overwhelmingly popular.

Moderates are also starting to defect from the Senate plan

But McConnell has problems on the other ideological end of his conference, too.

Sen. Dean Heller (R-NV), a swing vote in a swing state who faces the toughest reelection race of any Republican next year, said Friday he would oppose the bill. He was joined by Nevada’s exceedingly popular Republican governor, Brian Sandoval, who has also spoken out against the Senate plan for its Medicaid cuts.

“In this form, I will not support it,” Heller said, adding that he would also vote against the procedural motion to start debate on the bill. “It’s going to be very difficult to get me to a yes.”

Then on Monday evening, after the CBO report projected 22 million fewer Americans would have insurance under the Senate bill, Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME), another crucial moderate v

ote, said she would oppose the bill and the motion to start debate